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What Is Breast Cancer, Symptoms and Treatment?

Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is one of the major causes of death by cancer in women. It accounts for more deaths than all other cancers combined. While breast cancer usually does not manifest symptoms, there are some cases where a woman may have significant changes in her breast tissue.

Types of Breast Cancer:

Let’s start by knowing the different types of Breast Cancer:
Different types of breast cancer develop in different ways:

Canal carcinoma in situ:
This is the most common type of non-invasive breast cancer in women. As the name suggests, it forms inside the breast’s milk ducts. This type of cancer has been diagnosed much more frequently since the more widespread use of mammography. Treatment of this cancer leads to a cure in almost all cases. Normally, it does not spread. In exceptional circumstances, without treatment, it continues to grow and can then become “infiltrating” and spread outside the lactation ducts.

Invasive or infiltrating cancers:
These forms of cancer invade the tissue around the milk ducts but remain inside the breast. However, if the tumor is not treated, it can spread to other parts of the body (for example, bones, lungs, or liver), causing metastases.

Ductal carcinoma:
It forms in the milk ducts, and the cancer cells pass through the canal wall;
Lobular carcinoma. Cancer cells appear in the lobules grouped in the lobes. Then they pass through the wall of the lobules and spread into the surrounding tissue.

Inflammatory carcinoma:
Rare cancer is mainly characterized by a breast that may become red, swollen, and warm. The skin of the breast may also look like orange peel skin. This type of cancer progresses faster and is more difficult to treat; Other carcinomas (medullary, colloid or mucinous, tubular, papillary).

These types of breast cancer are rarer. The main differences between these types of cancer are based on the type of cells affected;
Paget’s disease. Rare cancer manifests itself as a small sore on the nipple that does not heal.

Symptoms Of Prostate Cancer And How To Treat It

prostate-cancer

The disease that affects men mostly later in life is called Prostate Cancer. There are three stages for this type of cancer, and early symptoms are often ignored until later. If caught in time, there are ways on how to survive Prostate Cancer. Read on to know more.

Signs and symptoms of prostate cancer include :

-The need to urinate often (frequent urination), especially at night
-Urgent or sudden need to urinate (urgent urination)
-Difficulty starting to urinate and exertion during urination
-A weak or slow stream of urine
-Interrupting urine flow
-Inability to empty the bladder
-Difficulty controlling your bladder (incontinence) can lead to bladder weakness.
-Presence of blood in the urine
-Burning or pain during urination
-Presence of blood in the semen
-Painful ejaculation
-Difficulty getting an erection (erectile dysfunction)
-Pain or stiffness in the hip, back, or chest bones
-Weakness or numbness in the legs or feet
-Loss of bowel control
-Cough that does not go away or shortness of breath

Moving to treatments, there are several ways it all depends on the stage and type of the disease.

– Surgery: Prostate cancer is treated with surgery. The most common forms of prostate cancer treatment are brachytherapy, radical prostatectomy, or palliative therapy. There are also clinical trials that are done on some prostate cancers, and the results show promising results. Depending on what stage of the disease you have, your treatment will vary.

– Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy is used mainly to stop the spread of cancer cells. This can either be external or internal. The radiation is given to the affected area where there are prostate cancer-causing symptoms. Sometimes, chemotherapy is also given along with radiation therapy.

– Hysterectomy: This is the total removal of your reproductive organs. If you are a high-risk male, your doctor might recommend this for you if the cancer has reached an advanced stage.

Otherwise, there might be another procedure to be considered. However, there are instances where men shouldn’t undergo a hysterectomy. These are usually men with abnormally low progesterone levels and those who do not respond to hormonal therapy.

– Chemotherapy: This is the treatment of last resort for prostate cancer patients. The medication helps by cutting the bloodstream supply to the tumor. Your doctor may also use it to extend your life expectancy if your disease is very far advanced. You may also use this treatment to treat other types of cancers besides prostate cancer.

– Surgery: Often referred to as “the treatment of last resort,” surgery is the most popular option for treating this type of cancer. There are two types of surgery: open and laparoscopic.

While the former uses general anesthesia, the latter offers local or regional anesthesia depending on the extent of the disease and your doctor’s preference. This treatment is often used to treat many other ailments besides prostate cancer, but it should not be taken lightly as the surgery carries many risks.

– Chemotherapy: Like radiation, it is often used in conjunction with surgery. In chemotherapy, cancer cells are destroyed using specific drugs. This is how to kill the cancerous cells in the early stages of their development. Side effects occur in very few men as this treatment is very powerful.

What Is Obesity And What Is Its Symptoms?

obesity

The most basic function of bodily fat is self-storage of food reserves.

In prehistoric times, natural selection favored genotypes that could endure harsh conditions by stocking the most fat.

With chronic malnutrition being the norm for most of human history, genetics evolved to favor fat storage.

So when did body fat become problematic?

The negative impacts of being overweight were not even noted in medical literature until as late as the 18th century.

Then, technological advances coupled with public health measures resulted in the betterment of the quantity, quality, and variety of food.

Sustained abundance of good food enabled a healthier population to boom economically.

Output increased, and with it, leisure time and waistlines.

What Is Anxious Depression And How Does It Affect Your Health?

Anxious Depression

What is anxious depression?

There’s anxiety and there’s depression and they’re both separate disorders.

But what about when you have both? That’s what I’m talking about today.

Anxiety and depression often come together and there’s different ways that they can look.

Sometimes anxiety spawns depression where you start off with something like obsessive compulsive disorder, where you have these overwhelming thoughts that you can’t get out of your head or rituals that you can’t stop doing or you may have generalized anxiety disorder where you’re gripped with worry and fear.

Some people’s anxiety can be so bad that they wake up every morning and throw up or you can feel like there’s this heavy weight pressing on you all day.

And some people feel like their throat is closing all day long and this is a horrible way to feel especially when there’s not a clear reason to feel anxious.

What Is Depression And Its Symptoms?

What Is Depression And Its Symptoms?

Depression is the leading cause of disability in the world.

In the United States, close to 10% of adults struggle with depression.

But because it’s a mental illness, it can be a lot harder to understand than, say, high cholesterol.

One major source of confusion is the difference between having depression and just feeling depressed.

Almost everyone feels down from time to time.

Getting a bad grade, losing a job, having an argument, even a rainy day can bring on feelings of sadness.

Sometimes there’s no trigger at all. It just pops up out of the blue.

Then circumstances change, and those sad feelings disappear.

Clinical depression is different.

It’s a medical disorder, and it won’t go away just because you want it to.

It lingers for at least two consecutive weeks, and significantly interferes with one’s ability to work, play, or love.