The disease that affects men mostly later in life is called Prostate Cancer. There are three stages for this type of cancer, and early symptoms are often ignored until later. If caught in time, there are ways on how to survive Prostate Cancer. Read on to know more.
Signs and symptoms of prostate cancer include :
-The need to urinate often (frequent urination), especially at night
-Urgent or sudden need to urinate (urgent urination)
-Difficulty starting to urinate and exertion during urination
-A weak or slow stream of urine
-Interrupting urine flow
-Inability to empty the bladder
-Difficulty controlling your bladder (incontinence) can lead to bladder weakness.
-Presence of blood in the urine
-Burning or pain during urination
-Presence of blood in the semen
-Difficulty getting an erection (erectile dysfunction)
-Pain or stiffness in the hip, back, or chest bones
-Weakness or numbness in the legs or feet
-Loss of bowel control
-Cough that does not go away or shortness of breath
Moving to treatments, there are several ways it all depends on the stage and type of the disease.
– Surgery: Prostate cancer is treated with surgery. The most common forms of prostate cancer treatment are brachytherapy, radical prostatectomy, or palliative therapy. There are also clinical trials that are done on some prostate cancers, and the results show promising results. Depending on what stage of the disease you have, your treatment will vary.
– Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy is used mainly to stop the spread of cancer cells. This can either be external or internal. The radiation is given to the affected area where there are prostate cancer-causing symptoms. Sometimes, chemotherapy is also given along with radiation therapy.
– Hysterectomy: This is the total removal of your reproductive organs. If you are a high-risk male, your doctor might recommend this for you if the cancer has reached an advanced stage.
Otherwise, there might be another procedure to be considered. However, there are instances where men shouldn’t undergo a hysterectomy. These are usually men with abnormally low progesterone levels and those who do not respond to hormonal therapy.
– Chemotherapy: This is the treatment of last resort for prostate cancer patients. The medication helps by cutting the bloodstream supply to the tumor. Your doctor may also use it to extend your life expectancy if your disease is very far advanced. You may also use this treatment to treat other types of cancers besides prostate cancer.
– Surgery: Often referred to as “the treatment of last resort,” surgery is the most popular option for treating this type of cancer. There are two types of surgery: open and laparoscopic.
While the former uses general anesthesia, the latter offers local or regional anesthesia depending on the extent of the disease and your doctor’s preference. This treatment is often used to treat many other ailments besides prostate cancer, but it should not be taken lightly as the surgery carries many risks.
– Chemotherapy: Like radiation, it is often used in conjunction with surgery. In chemotherapy, cancer cells are destroyed using specific drugs. This is how to kill the cancerous cells in the early stages of their development. Side effects occur in very few men as this treatment is very powerful.